Text analysis answers: Is the Quran really more violent than the Bible? (Part 2 of 3)

Tom H. C. Anderson
January 21st, 2016

BIBLE 728x90

Text analysis answers: Is the Quran really more violent than the Bible?
(Part 2 of 3) by Tom H. C. Anderson

Part II: Emotional Analysis Reveals Bible is “Angriest”

In my previous post, I discussed our potentially hazardous plan to perform a comparative analysis using an advanced data mining platform—OdinText—across three of the most important texts in human history: The Old Testament, The New Testament and the Quran.

Author’s note: For more details about the data sources and methodology, please see Part I of this series.

The project was inspired by the ongoing public debate around whether or not terrorism connected with Islamic fundamentalism reflects something inherently and distinctly violent about Islam compared to other major religions.

Before sharing the first set of results with you here today, due to the sensitive nature of this topic, I feel obliged to reiterate that this analysis represents only a cursory, superficial view of just the texts, themselves. It is in no way intended to advance any agenda or to conclusively prove anyone’s point.

Step 1: Sentiment Analysis

We started with a high-level look at Sentiment—positive and negative—and overall results were fairly similar: approx. 30% positive and 20% negative sentiment for each of the three texts. The Old Testament looked to have slightly more negative sentiment than either the New Testament or the Quran, but let’s come back to that later in more detail…

Staying at a high level, I was curious to see what the longitudinal pattern looked like across each of the three texts. Looking for any positive emotion in the texts from beginning to end allows us to get a sense how they progress longitudinally. (See figure 1)

Author’s note: Unlike the Old and New Testaments, in the Quran, verses (suras) are arranged in order of length and not in chronological order.

Any Positive Sentiment

Sentiment Analysis 1

Sentiment Analysis 2

Sentiment Analysis 3

While there is some fluctuation throughout each in terms of positive sentiment, the New Testament appears to be unique in that it peaks on positive sentiment (Corinthians) and ends on a less positive note (Revelations).

It’s also worth noting that positive and negative sentiment are usually highly correlated. In other words when there is more emotion in text, usually, though not always, there is both more positive and negative sentiment.

But let’s look deeper into emotions, beyond simple positive vs. negative sentiment (which is rarely very interesting) and into the eight major human emotion categories: Joy, Anticipation, Anger, Disgust, Sadness, Surprise, Fear/Anxiety and Trust.

Author’s note: These eight major emotion categories were derived from widely-accepted theory in modern psychology.

Step 2: Emotional Analysis

A look at the combined Old and New Testaments—the Bible—compared to the Quran reveals similarities and differences. The Bible and Quran are fairly uniform in ‘Surprise’, ‘Sadness’ and ‘Disgust’. But the Bible registers higher in ‘Anger’ and the Quran rates higher in ‘Joy’ but also in ‘Fear/Anxiety’ and ‘Trust’.

Sentiment Analysis Bible Quran

As we mentioned yesterday, we decided to split the Old and New Testaments for analysis for a couple of reasons. Here’s what they look like:

Sentiment Analysis 5

Comparing our three religious texts across the eight major emotions we find that the Old Testament is the ‘Angriest’ (including most mentions of ‘Disgust’); it also contains the least amount of ‘Joy’.

Here’s an example of a passage that registered under ‘Anger’:

But the LORD said to him “Not so; if anyone kills Cain he will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.

Genesis 4:15

In text analytics, ‘Disgust’ rarely appears outside of food categories; however, it appears in Leviticus several times:

…whether among all the swarming things or among all the other living creatures in the water—you are to detest.

And since you are to detest them, you must not eat their meat and you must detest their carcasses.

Anything living in the water that does not have fins and scales is to be detestable to you.

‘These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle the vulture the black vulture

Leviticus 11:10-13
The Quran, on the other hand, contains the most ‘Fear/Anxiety’ and ‘Trust/Belief’ issues. In this case ‘Fear/Anxiety’ is highly linked to ‘Trust’. Terms such as “doubt” and “disbelief” appear repeatedly in the Quran and are relevant to and affect both of these two primary emotions.

Or like abundant rain from the cloud in which is darkness, and thunder and lightning; they put their fingers into their ears because of the thunder-peal, for fear of death. And Allah encompasses the disbelievers.

Quaran Sūrat al-Baqarah 2:19
As noted in figure 2 above, the New Testament has relatively more ‘Anticipation’ and ‘Surprise’:

But if we hope for what we do not yet have we wait for it patiently.

Romans 8:25

Everyone was amazed and gave praise to God. They were filled with awe and said, ‘We have seen remarkable things today.” 

Luke 5:26

Tomorrow in Part 3, we’ll take a deeper dive to understand some of the underlying reasons for these differences in greater detail and we’ll look into which, if any, of these texts is significantly more violent. Stay tuned!

Up Next: Part III – Violence, Mercy and Non-Believers

59 thoughts on “Text analysis answers: Is the Quran really more violent than the Bible? (Part 2 of 3)”

  1. Few scholars believe the books of the Old and New Testament are arranged in chronological order as indicated above. Many posit that the letters attributed to Paul were written before any of the gospels. Of the gospels, it is widely held that Mark predates Matthew, though Matthew’s gospel appears first in the all versions most read. Some contend that Revelations would be in the middle chronologically, while others think it was the last to be written.

    As regards the Old Testament, many scholars believe that Job predated any of the Pentateuch – the Hebrew Torah.

    Overall, this should not affect the comparisons among the Old Testament, the New Testament, and the Quran. It would affect the timeline of positivity, however.

    1. I’m agreed with you about the issue of chronology in both the Bible and the Quran. As a general rule, the Bible is chronological in the order of its books, but to really get a better understanding it is important to know the chronology. Many students of the Bible will attempt to understand the Bible on subject matter based on the first mention and use of particular words or concepts. Even more important is chronology to those interpreting the Quran because of the principle of abrogation. Allah says he effectively nullifies, repeals, and replaces teachings over time. The more recent mention of something can either replace or further clarify a teaching. The default organization of the Quran makes it extremely difficult to know when something is abrogated, so I’d like to see OdinText run against a chronological Quran, and a chronological Bible. Also, the Sunna and Sira in Islam can and often do abrogate what is written in the Quran, but few people know the importance of using Muhammad’s own teachings and ways of doing things in regard to Islam’s full teachings. Muhammad is said to be the perfect life example, and to obey Muhammad is to obey Allah.

  2. I just finished reading your 3 part post comparing the Old Testament, New Testament and the Koran. I found it fascinating. I am very much interested in these types of topics, and I do some research for my own pleasure.
    As a statistician though (I have an M.Sc in applied statistics), your methodology intrigued me. As I understand it (and I may be wrong here), your atomic unit for analysis is a “word” – but in order to really analyze these texts, one has to analyze concepts, i.e. you have to cluster words that define concepts, and these concepts need to be related to ideas – e.g.: the emotion of disgust in the old testament all deals with food and the laws of Kashruth – all dealing with the cleanliness and general health of the individual. Is there a parallel concept relating to disgust in the New Testament or in the Koran.
    More over, a concept / idea may be distributed over many words, not necessarily written continuously (this would depend on the various styles of writing). As we know, the Old and New Testament were written by a number of authors in various time periods, where each period put a different emphasis on the ideas that the culture espoused.
    1. Does your analysis take into account these types of word clustering into concepts and ideas?
    2. Did you take into account the variation in writing styles and cultural emphasis over the time that the books were written?

    These are only some of the methodological questions that I have. If these things were not taken into account, then fascinating as the analysis and conclusions are, they may be statistically biased.

    I welcome your views on the above,
    Oded

    1. Thank you for this comment. I am curious about that as well and what application was used to do the quantitative analysis, and how words and/or phrases were chosen.

  3. When looking at fear in the text. Did you take into account that in many, many instances in the Qur’an it say, “they have nothing to fear” or “upon them shall be no fear”? Or course, there are other places where it says something along the lines of “strike fear into their hearts.” It just seems to me those are two very different sentiments. One is reassurance, and the other a exhortation.

  4. The old and new testament illustrates Christ from two time frames, OT prophecies are about his coming and the new testament is about what he has done and about His second coming, including the events about destruction of Damascus and so on. The events documented in the scriptures are seen in the physical world now in the middle east. By the way, Christ has set the captives free which applies to those who were bodily killed according to the law or during the period before law. Its worth notable that no terrorist has come from any bible college as Christ teaches about true love. He is the manifestation of God. Unfortunately the software cannot get it, only the spirit can understand revelations. Man is a spirit having a human experience while on this earth. Eternal life is offered in Christ only.

  5. this is yet another american stupidity: let.s all be tolerant with violence of islam and let them kill us all. what other religion in this world MAKES all the disgusting and horrible things that islam is doing TODAY??? THIS IS A VIOLENT AND HORRIBLE RELIGION WHICH SHOULD BE OUTSIDE THE LAW. i PROPOSE TO AMERICANS TO TRY NOT TO BE SO STUPID ANYMORE. SUA HAS THE ECONOMICAL POWER AND THINS THAT HAS INTELLICENCE ALSO,BUT ALL THIS STUPID AND UNREALISTIC TOLERANCE VIRTUAL ON ANYTHING IS DOING SO MUCH DAMAGE WORLD WIDE.LET.S LOOK A LITTLE TO THE PERCENT OF TRANGENDER TEENAGERS.WHY THIS STUPIDITY SPREADING ???BECAUSE OF SUA. ISLAM HAS THA POWER OVER THE WORLG BECAUSE SUA IS A STUPID,STUPID NATION PSREADING DANGEROUS IDEAS.

  6. I would like to oppose against the title ”text analysis” since it insults the meaning of the word ”analysis”. I am a classical philologist and I can be only shocked by the used methodology. The words should be understood it its contextual, phraseological and historical frame, since their meaning can be far from the same as we perceive it today at first sight. Even such concrete phenomena as numbers can mean something different than their immediate appearance in the sentence.
    By the way, statistical (phraseological) counting of the words has been already done for most ancient texts. There are thousands of frequency lexicons and analyses (professional ones) describing how often different words appear and in which context.
    I suggest you can use your method on more modern texts so everybody can see its false results. For instance comparing Gandhi’s papers on satyagraha with Martin Luther’s and Nelson Mandela’s speeches. I suggest frequency of words as “disobedience”, “fear”, “killing”, “death” etc. Your conclusion would be for sure the prioritized list of negative feelings misconnecting the peaceful movements with villains threating society.

  7. Great job, Have you considered comparing this to Hindu -Gita, or Buddhism – texts?
    Based on history, it appears, wolves are winning over sheep, this is not good for the farmer.
    Wolves sometimes kill eachothers babies , and so they never live in peace.

  8. Quotes from the Quran

    After reading the Quran, the “holy” book of Muslims, you realize that Muslim extremists are actually carrying out what the Quran preaches and instructs Muslims what to do if they want to be good Muslims and eventually land in Paradise.

    Moreover, unlike the Bible and the Old Testament, the Quran is firmly believed by Muslims that their “holy” book was revealed/delivered to the prophet Mohamed word by word by the Angel Gabriel more than 1400 years ago.

    On the other hand, according to many studies, about 90% of Muslims have never read the Quran. What they know about Islam has been delivered to them by Muslim preachers in Mosques and media.

    Jihadists in Germany, (and I know many of them) for instance, are preached by Imams that the best path to land eternally in Paradise is by fighting non-Muslims in the Islamic State or elsewhere. If those Jihadists die in any fight for Islam, they will immediately land in Paradise and live there for ever. Wonderful! Isn’t it?

    After every Islamic terrorist attack, politicians across the world claim that “Islam is a peaceful religion.” They stress that either because they have never read the Quran, or they do not want to “provoke” or “insult” Muslims.

    If you wish to have some gruesome quotes from the Quran, let me know. My email address is: salrabaa@yahoo.com

    Quotes collected by Dr. Sami Alrabaa

    Islam is a violent “faith”. It incites to violence, hatred, and discrimination

    “I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them.” 8:12

    Do not take Christians and Jews as Friends:
    Sure 5: Verse 51

    “O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you – then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.”

    Those who oppose Muhammad will be severely punished by Allah/God:
    8:13

    “That is because they opposed Allah and His Messenger. And whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger – indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.”

    Kill the Infidels:
    2 :191

    “And kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you, and fitnah is worse than killing. And do not fight them at al-Masjid al- Haram until they fight you there. But if they fight you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.”

    No Contact with Disbelievers:
    5:57

    “O you who have believed, take not those who have taken your religion in ridicule and amusement among the ones who were given the Scripture before you nor the disbelievers as allies. And fear Allah , if you should [truly] be believers.”

    Christians will go to Hell:
    5:72

    “They have certainly disbelieved who say, ” Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O Children of Israel, worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord.” Indeed, he who associates others with Allah – Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.”

    Polytheists are Filthy:
    9:28

    “O you who have believed, indeed the polytheists are unclean, so let them not approach al-Masjid al-Haram after this, their [final] year. And if you fear privation, Allah will enrich you from His bounty if He wills. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Wise.”

    Muslims are the best:
    3: 111

    “You (Muslims) are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and believe in Allah . If only the People of the Scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers, but most of them are defiantly disobedient.”

    Islam is over all Religions:
    48:28

    “It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.”

    No Compulsion in Religion:
    2:256

    “There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.”

    Do not Ally yourself with Disbelievers:
    3:28

    “Let not believers take disbelievers as allies rather than believers. And whoever [of you] does that has nothing with Allah , except when taking precaution against them in prudence. And Allah warns you of Himself, and to Allah is the [final] destination.”

    Do not Befriend yourself with the Disbelievers:
    3:118

    “O you who have believed, do not take as intimates those other than yourselves, for they will not spare you [any] ruin. They wish you would have hardship. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater. We have certainly made clear to you the signs, if you will use reason.”

    Disbelievers are Enemies of Allah/God and Muslims:
    60:1

    “O you who have believed, do not take My enemies and your enemies as allies, extending to them affection while they have disbelieved in what came to you of the truth, having driven out the Prophet and yourselves [only] because you believe in Allah , your Lord. If you have come out for jihad in My cause and seeking means to My approval, [take them not as friends]. You confide to them affection, but I am most knowing of what you have concealed and what you have declared. And whoever does it among you has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.”

    Death for Female adultery:
    4:15

    “Those who commit unlawful sexual intercourse of your women – bring against them four [witnesses] from among you. And if they testify, confine the guilty women to houses until death takes them or Allah ordains for them [another] way.”

    Strike your Disobedient Wives:
    4:34

    “….those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance – [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.”

    Two female witnesses equal one male witness:
    2:282

    In disputed cases “And bring to witness two witnesses from among your men. And if there are not two men [available], then a man and two women from those whom you accept as witnesses – so that if one of the women errs, then the other can remind her. And let not the witnesses refuse when they are called upon. And do not be [too] weary to write it, whether it is small or large, for its [specified] term. That is more just in the sight of Allah and stronger as evidence and more likely to prevent doubt between you, except when it is an immediate transaction which you conduct among yourselves. For [then] there is no blame upon you if you do not write it. And take witnesses when you conclude a contract. Let no scribe be harmed or any witness. For if you do so, indeed, it is [grave] disobedience in you. And fear Allah . And Allah teaches you. And Allah is Knowing of all things.”

    Polygamy: Muslims are allowed to marry up to 4 wives
    4:3

    “And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice].”

    Men are over Women. If Women disobey, strike them:
    4:34

    “Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them guard. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance – [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.”

    Adultery is Punished Severely:
    24:3

    “The [unmarried] woman or [unmarried] man found guilty of sexual intercourse – lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of Allah , if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.”

    Dressing in Islam: Women are not allowed to look men in the eyes. No Skin nor adornment in public:
    24:31

    “And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.”

    No Sex outside Marriage:
    24:33

    “But let them who find not [the means for] marriage abstain [from sexual relations] until Allah enriches them from His bounty. And those who seek a contract [for eventual emancipation] from among whom your right hands possess – then make a contract with them if you know there is within them goodness and give them from the wealth of Allah which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, if they desire chastity, to seek [thereby] the temporary interests of worldly life. And if someone should compel them, then indeed, Allah is [to them], after their compulsion, Forgiving and Merciful.”

    Jihad:
    4:74

    “And he who fights in the cause of Allah and is killed or achieves victory – We will bestow upon him a great reward.”

    Fight those who Disbelieve:
    8:15

    “O you who have believed, when you meet those who disbelieve advancing [for battle], do not turn to them your backs [in flight].”

    Fight the Infidels:
    8:39

    “And fight them until there is no fitnah and [until] the religion, all of it, is for Allah . And if they cease – then indeed, Allah is Seeing of what they do.”

    Allah sends His Troops to fight Disbelievers:
    9:26

    “Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers and sent down soldiers angels whom you did not see and punished those who disbelieved. And that is the recompense of the disbelievers.”

    Kill Those who commit Apostasy:
    4:89

    They wish you would disbelieve as they disbelieved so you would be alike. So do not take from among them allies until they emigrate for the cause of Allah. But if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them and take not from among them any ally or helper.

    Those who do not Obey the Prophet Muhammad will be Sent to Hell
    4:115

    “And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him and follows other than the way of the believers – We will give him what he has taken and drive him into Hell, and evil it is as a destination.”

    Hand Amputation for those who steal:
    5:38

    “[As for] the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands in recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah . And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.”

    No Freedom of Thought:
    33:36

    “It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.”

    Fight Mighty Enemies:
    48:16

    “Say to those who remained behind of the bedouins, “You will be called to [face] a people of great military might; you may fight them, or they will submit. So if you obey, Allah will give you a good reward; but if you turn away as you turned away before, He will punish you with a painful punishment.”

    Disbelievers will be Humiliated by Allah/God”
    58:5

    “Indeed, those who oppose Allah and His Messenger are abased as those before them were abased. And We have certainly sent down verses of clear evidence. And for the disbelievers is a humiliating punishment.”

    For further quotes check out:

    http://quran.com/1

    (Sami Alrabaa is the author of the book: ”Veiled Atrocities”, published by Prometheus, New York, 2010)

    Hadeeth:

    The prophet Muhammad’s instructions to his men prior to a military raid:

    “Fight everyone in the way of Allah and kill those who disbelieve in Allah”

    Ibn Ishaq/Hisham page 992

    Stoning a woman for committing adultery:

    “A woman came to the Prophet Muhammad and confessed that she had committed adultery. The prophet told his men, “Be good to her! After she delivers her baby, bring her to me.” After she delivered her baby, the prophet ordered all men in Medina to gather and stone her. They shouted Allahu Akbar and stoned her to death. After her death, men gathered behind the prophet and prayed to Allah to forgive her!”

    Narrated by Muslim (that was his name), a contemporary Muslim. Page 550 in Hadeeth.

  9. God’s mercy on Cain even after he killed his brother registers under anger? How many of your other “word search” findings equally devoid of context?
    Does “Thou shalt not kill” show up as a violent passage too?
    How on earth are we supposed to take your “analysis” seriously if it can’t distinguish records of violence from prohibitions of violence from directions to commit violence?

  10. Seem to be a bad way of comparison. If a text describe history where peoples diverse utterances are recorded, one may find many “negative” words. That does not mean they are meant as commands to do violence. If so, stop watching TV and movies, they are soaked with violence. Please make your program find the phrases where NT-Christians are commanded to use violence. Your program will not find it, except love your neighbor as yourself, and turn your other cheek. Please make your program find the character of Christ and compare it to Muhammed. The first is worshipped because he gave his life for mankind, the other established his religion by taking life. It is not comparable at all. Who will have a non-violence example to follow? Your investigation is seriously misleading.

  11. The Quran is one of THREE sacred texts. What happens if you add up Hadith and Sunnah? You have to include these. You cannot practice the 5 columns in Islam without the Hadith, so it has to be included.

  12. Truth about Islam is not so rosy.
    Muhammad, founder of Islam and author of Koran, was mentally sick psychopath and pedophile, he had married a 6-year old girl and raped her when she was 9. Muhammad could not read and write. While in seizure, he uttered disjointed phrases, which his followers represented as Allah divine afflatus. This is the history of Islam that muslims and “honest and free” western media would not like you to know. These facts show that islam is not a religion, but a cult. Read: “History of Middle Ages” Professor Nikolay A. Osokin, Textbook (in Russian), Publishing house: Imperial University Printing Office, Kazan, 1888, 771 pp.)
    In his Cairo speech, Obama accredited to arabs all fundamental inventions human race made over centuries. None of the Obama mentioned is true, as every person graduated from credible high school knows. However, it does not mean that Arabs, great nation with centuries of history, has no inventions critical for human life. They have and here they are:
    1. Ethnic Cleansing – invented centuries ago, implemented over 2000 years ago in Israel when they occupied Israel and disseminated Jews around the world; from 1948 through 1953 arab countries expelled a million Jews and stole their properties; in 1974, Turkish armed forces invaded Cyprus, captured 36 percent of its territory, partitioned the island, implemented a policy of “ethnic cleansing” and sent close to 200,000 Greek Cypriots southward as refugees who lost their property, desecrated churches and cemeteries, and in 1983 declared the northern Turkish Republic of Cyprus; in 1999, Kosovo Liberation Army stormed homes of the last 15 Jews in Kosovo’s capital, who had to clear out, with just the clothes on their backs; recently, Jews in Yemen were under attack and have been relocated to Britain.
    2. Genocide – invented by Turks and implemented (with help of palestinian arabs) in 1915-1917 in Armenia: over 1.5 mln. Armenians, including children, died. Currently, Turkey commits Kurdish Genocide: In 1937-1938, approximately 50,000-70,000 Alevi Kurds were killed. In 1990, Turkish military virtually wiped from the map 3,000 Kurdish villages in Turkey, representing the displacement of more than 378,000 people. Turkey denies Kurdish right for independence, self-determination and all human rights and continues killing Kurds on daily basis in Turkey, Iraq and Syria.
    3. Holocaust – invented in 1920s by Haj Amin al Husseini, the Mufti of Jerusalem and implemented in Israel in 1920s-30s. In 1941, Haj Amin al Husseini brought the Holocaust idea to Hitler and helped him to implement Holocaust in Europe in 1941-45; he organized and commanded two islamofascist brigades operated as SS units, had their own concentration camp, and killed tens of thousand of Europeans, including Jews.
    Islam is based on three fundamental principles:
    1. Stealing
    2. Killing, and
    3. Lying
    Koran says:
    “Slay them wherever you find them. Fight against them till idolatry is no more and God’s religion reigns supreme” (Sura 2:190),
    “Seek out your enemies relentlessly” (Sura 4:103),
    “Make war on them till idolatry shall cease and God’s religion shall reign supreme” (Sura 8:36),
    “When the sacred months are over slay the unbelievers wherever you find them. Arrest them, beseige them and lie in ambush everywhere for them” (Sura 9:5),
    “Believers, make war on the infidels who dwell around you” (Sura 9:121),
    “When you meet the unbelievers on the battlefield strike off their heads” (Sura 47:3),
    “Prophet, make war on the unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal sternly with them. Hell shall be their home, evil their fate” (Sura 66:7).
    Koran is Islamic Mein Kamf. Islam is fascist cult and must be eliminated from the earth.

  13. I am a Christian and I invite you compare tnew testament to the Moran. These two religious texts are much nearer in time. Jesus said turn the other cheek and love thy neighbor. He also spake the parable of the good samaratin. Compare those with the Koran.

  14. It is absurd to completely ignore the context of “words”. The Quran has nearly 100 open-ended phrases commanding followers to kill or subjugate infidels “wherever/whenever you find them”. They even have a word for the special taxation an infidel must pay to stay alive. The violence in the Old Testament is most often used to describe historical events; or it is directed at a specific time, place, or people who no longer exist. There is ZERO equivalency to the open-ended commands found in the Quran. And let me remind you the New Testament has been Christian book of choice for 600 years, which evolved away from the obsession with blood. When Paris happened ISIS sent out a message taking credit. The first paragraph was from the Quran, the last paragraph was from the Quran, and the body of the text was devoted to showing exactly how and why they were justified in doing what they did, according to the Quran. What more does it take to demonstrate Mohammad’s messaging is toxic???

    1. Dave is on the mark! CONTEXT is everything! All the violence in the Bible is “descriptive” whereas the violence of the Koran is “prescriptive”. And whats more these prescriptions are being carried every day by very devout Muslims.

  15. I’m sorry but this is a nonsense. If the Bible says ‘Thou shalt not kill’ and the Quran, ‘Kill the unbelievers wherever you find them’, are you saying that both passages are ‘equally violent’? Please also do a follow up blog answereing Mr Spencer’s eminently pertinent counters to your study’s rationale.
    Fitz

      1. Yes, that’s an excellent point Fitz. An analysis like this is really incredibly superficial, and non-representative of the true contextual interpretation of both The Bible and The Quran by those that read and follow the sentiments withinas expressed by adherents of either religion. There are countless examples of Muslims citing directly from the Quran as justification for their actions – the same cannot be readily and recently evidenced in any way, that indicates that the Christians or Jews are behaving in the same way, claiming they are acting upon the doctrine within The Bible. This whole exercise is a stunt – it is a pathetic misrepresentation – and dangerous one at that, given the problems western communities are now facing with Islam.

  16. My history books at school contained more violence than the Koran. So does the BBC News come to that. Neither exhorts me to carry out violence myself though, unlike the Koran.

    To simply count violent words without presenting them in their immediate textual context so the reader can gauge their meaning is not only idiotic but dishonest.

  17. Many thanks for the posts which reveal some really interesting results. I don’t agree with the methodology or the assumptions which lie behind it. I think there are major misunderstandings of the history of the Bible and the Quran as well as some major issues about the text and semantic analysis. But this is a great start, I think.
    One thing to ponder is whether texts can be violent or angry as you suggest. Surely texts are repositories of the writer’s emotions rather than having emotions or agency of their own. In other words, it is much more important to see whether the traditions and practices of believers are violent or angry. Take Christianity for example. Most forms of Christianity accept the equal authority of Old and New Testament in some form or other. But not all are equally violent or non-violent. You cannot label Quakerism as a violent expression of Christianity and you can’t label what happened in Christian Rwanda as non-violent. In other words, whatever the texts record, it is the interpretation which results in violence or non-violence. Anyway, perhaps I need to write some more on this…Thanks. Pete

  18. It is possible the author of this piece meant well. But i doubt it. The mainstream media is an echo-box, and they absorb and broadcast out only what fits the Globalist / Open Borders agenda. To that end they must continue the myth that Islam is “THE Religion of Peace” when all factual evidence and common sense tells us the opposite. The RoP myth is in fact a prime example of Orwellian doublethink. So highly flawed and misleading ‘research’ like this serves only to perpetuate a damaging myth, avoiding us to examine the link between Islam and Islamic violence. It is the perfect example of being disarmed because you are refusing to name and quantify the enemy, let alone study it. I would urge any readers to view the following playlist by a counter-terrorism expert kicked out of the CIA by OBAMA because he had the audacity to link Islamic terror with… ummm… ISLAM. What a bigot.
    https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4C29D87AA600650F

    If the author isn’t being commissioned to produce worthless, one-sided fluff pieces to be echoed back in the MSM to fit the RoP myth – then he is simply incompetent, presenting very superficial word scanning as some form of ‘research’ that has any merit in the real world. Which is it? i don;t know. But i echo the person above who pointed out the following rebuttal of this research:

    http://www.jihadwatch.org/2016/02/new-study-claims-that-the-bible-is-more-violent-than-the-quran

  19. I suspect this “analysis” would prove the Oxford English Dictionary to be the most violent book ever published.
    Give it a go.

  20. one word: stupid. if you knew anything about the jewish bible, you’d know that it cannot be read literally. your project is a disservice..

  21. Did not read the other comments. But I think it’s misleading to present or even investigate this matter like this. For many, who do not know these books, can come to the conclusion that the Bible encourages christians to violence. In my opinion, the better angle would be to investigate the situations where violence is present. For example to compare how many times actions of violence are ordered by Jesus or Muhammed. In this way we could see, which book/religion really encourages to violence.

  22. Forget this nonsensical analysis. Simply compare the historical body count in the wake of both Muhammad and Christ. Nor further analysis is required.

  23. Bible is More Intolerant

    YES , THAT’S WHY SYRIAN PILGRIMAGE WOULD LIKE TO MIGRATE Europe.

    BIBLE is More Intolerant

    YES THAT’S WHY JESUS SAID LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF

    BIBLE IS MORE INTOLERANT

    YES , THIS IS THE OFFICIAL RELIGION IN SAUDI ARABIA , A COUNTRY DOES NOT ALLOW TO BRING OTHERS HOLY BOOK

    YES BIBLE IS MORE INTOLERANT

    YES THIS IS THE BOOK USING IN SAUDI ARABIA TO EXECUTE F**** SHARIA LAW

  24. So, Tom, if you won’t post my comments, and I’m fine if you don’t, but if you won’t, will you atleast email with me so I can have your email. I like where you started to go with this. I’ve always argued that the violence issue is not one of religion but of inferior genetics and or cultural upbringing. Your work is good for the work that I;m doing and so I appreciate in contrubtions!! 🙂 You need to knock some of the rough edges off, like your anti-semetic use of “old testament” in referring to the Torah and their are some serious weighted facotrs that you’ve not addressed, but all in all… You’re kind of close-ish. Please email me.

  25. What DO you do about context, and it’s impact on the meaning of terms, in your interpretation of the data? Did you include instances of words like Hades, hell, hellfire, “companions of the fire,” “lake of fire,” and similar items, in the analysis, and if so, with which emotion were they associated?

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