Beyond Sentiment – What Are Emotions, and Why Are They Useful to Analyze?
Emotions – Revealing What Really Matters
Emotions are short-term intensive and subjective feelings directed at something or someone (e.g., fear, joy, sadness). They are different from moods, which last longer, but can be based on the same general feelings of fear, joy, or sadness.
3 Components of Emotion: Emotions result from arousal of the nervous system and consist of three components: subjective feeling (e.g., being scared), physiological response (e.g., a pounding heart), and behavioral response (e.g., screaming). Understanding human emotions is key in any area of research because emotions are one of the primary causes of behavior.
Moreover, emotions tend to reveal what really matters to people. Therefore, tracking primary emotions conveyed in text can have powerful marketing implications.
The Emotion Wheel – 8 Primary Emotions
OdinText can analyze any psychological content of text but the primary attention has been paid to the power of emotions conveyed in text.
8 Primary Emotions: OdinText tracks the following eight primary emotions: joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, and anticipation (see attached figure; primary emotions in bold).
Bipolar Nature: These primary emotions have a bipolar nature; joy is opposed to sadness, trust to disgust, fear to anger, and surprise to anticipation. Emotions in the blank spaces are mixtures of the two neighboring primary emotions.
Intensity: The color intensity dimension suggests that each primary emotion can vary in ntensity with darker hues representing a stronger emotion (e.g., terror > fear) and lighter hues representing a weaker emotion (e.g. apprehension < fear). The analogy between theory of emotions and the theory of color has been adopted from the seminal work of Robert Plutchik in 1980s. [All 32 emotions presented in the figure above are a basis for OdinText Emotional Sentiment tracking metric].
Stay tuned for more tips giving details on each of the above emotions.
[NOTE: Gosia is a Data Scientist at OdinText Inc. Experienced in text mining and predictive analytics, she is a Ph.D. with extensive research experience in mass media’s influence on cognition, emotions, and behavior. Please feel free to request additional information or an OdinText demo here.]